Mali or officially that The Republic of Mali is a landlocked country in West Africa. Mali has a border on the north of Algeria. The east is Niger. The south is Burkina Faso and Côte d'Ivoire. Southwest is Guinea. And west to Senegal and Mauritania with an area of 1,240,000 km² and a population of 18.5 million people. The capital city is Bamako Mali, divided into eight regions. And has a straight border north, deep into the heart of the Sahara desert. The southern part of the country is where the majority of the population lives. The Niger and Senegal rivers flow. The country's economic structure centers around agriculture and fisheries. Some of Mali's natural resources are gold, uranium, livestock and salt. About half of the population lives below the international poverty line at US $ 1.25 per day.