Sao Tome and Principe Sao Tome and Principe or the official name is The Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe is a small archipelago country in the Gulf of Guinea, made up of two main islands: Sao Tome and Principe. They are approximately 140 kilometers apart and are located 250 and 225 kilometers northwest of the Gabon coast, respectively. Both islands are part of an extinct volcano.
Sao Tome Island, which is larger than that Located almost in line with the area where the equator passes. And it was named after Saint Thomas, as Portuguese explorers discovered the island on St. Thomas's Day.