Iran or Persian is officially known as The Islamic Republic of Iran is a country in Western Asia. It has a border with Armenia. The de facto Nagorno-Karabakh Republic And Azerbaijan to the northwest. Adjacent to Kazakhstan and Russia with the Caspian Sea separating Bordered by Turkmenistan in the northeast Bordered Afghanistan and Pakistan in the east. Adjacent to the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman to the south. And bordered by Turkey and Iraq in the west The land area is 1,648,195 square kilometers. It is the second largest country in the Middle East and 18th in the world, with a population of 78.4 million, 17th in the world.It is the only country with the Caspian Sea Coast and the Indian Ocean. Iran has a long history of geopolitical importance due to its location in central Eurasia and western Asia. And near the Strait of Hormuz
Tehran is the country's capital and largest city. As well as being a leading cultural and economic center Iran is an important regional and moderate country. There is a considerable influence on international energy security and the world economy due to the large reserves of fossil fuels. It has the world's largest natural gas reserve and the fourth most proven oil reserve. The country's cultural heritage is partly reflected by its 19 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the 4th largest in Asia and 12th in the world.