Costa Rica's first indigenous peoples were hunters and gatherers, and when the Spanish conquistadors arrived, Costa Rica was split into two distinct cultural areas due to their geographic location in the intermediate region between Mesoamerican and Andean cultures, with influence. Of both cultures Christopher Columbus left the anchor in Costa Rica for the first time in 1502 at Isla Uvita, shortly after his troops defeated the natives. He merged the territory with the General Assembly of Guatemala into a new Spanish province in 1524. 300 years later, Costa Rica was a Spanish colony. As a result, Costa Rica's culture is heavily influenced by Spanish culture. During this time, Costa Rica continued to develop sparse and poor.
After the Mexican War of Independence (1810-1921), Costa Rica became part of the Autonomous Mexican Empire in 1821.Costa Rica was part of the Federal Republic of Central America in 1813. To achieve full independence in the year 1821, the country's economy struggles due to Lacking connections with European suppliers in 1856, Costa Rica resisted U.S. settlers from taking over the government.
After 1869, Costa Rica established a democratic government. After the Costa Rican Civil War in 1948, the government drafted a new constitution, guaranteed universal voting and the demolition of soldiers. Costa Rica is now a democracy based on technology and ecotourism for its economy. Although poverty has declined since the turn of the 21st century, economic problems persist.Costa Rica is dealing with underemployment, foreign and internal debt and trade deficits.
Costa Rican culture has been heavily influenced by Spanish culture ever since the Spanish colonization of the Americas including the territory which today forms Costa Rica. Parts of the country have other strong cultural influences, including the Caribbean province of Limón and the Cordillera de Talamanca which are influenced by Jamaican immigrants and indigenous native people, respectively.