The island was settled by the Arawak arriving from South America in the 5th century. The Kalinago displaced the Arawak by the 15th century. Columbus is said to have passed the island on Sunday 3 November 1493. It was later colonised by Europeans, predominantly by the French from the 1690s to 1763. The French imported enslaved people from West Africa to Dominica to work on coffee plantations. Great Britain took possession in 1763 after the Seven Years' War, and it gradually established English as its official language. The island gained independence as a republic in 1978
Dominica is home to many people. Although in the past it was occupied by many indigenous tribes, the Arawaks (Tainos) and Carib (Kalinago) tribes took over during the time European settlers arrived on the island. Massacre indigenous villagers by British settlers in St Kitts - Survivors were forced to asylum in Dominica Both France and England tried to claim the island and import slaves from Africa for current labor. The remaining caribs live on 3,700 acres (15 sq km) on the island's east coast. They choose their own boss This blend of cultures has formed the present culture.